Tang Dynasty clothing has a profound and extensive effect on numerous neighboring countries, such as Japan and North Korea. This article emphatically introduces the influence of Tang Dynasty clothing on Japan and North Korea.
A map of the Tang Dynasty
The influence of Tang Dynasty clothing on Japan:
The kimono was adapted from the costume of Tang Dynasty, which was also called “Wu Clothing”. Because it was “transplanted” from Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, China. Although afterwards the Japanese made some alterations on the kimono, it remains the characteristics of ancient Chinese clothing.
(一) 款式 Style
The silk was the representative product in Jiangsu and Zhejiang provinces, which reflects that the textile technique level was high in the ancient China. According to historical records，Japan’s emperor once went to China to invite the professionals to teach the Japanese how to rear silkworms and weave silk. Japanese original clothing material was linen. Consequently, with the development of the textile technology, the clothing material of kimono became more abundant, which provided convenience for the style design of kimono.
In the eighth century, China was in the glorious age of Tang Dynasty while Japan was in Heian Period. In the communication process of economy and culture between China and Japan, the Tang clothing was introduced into Japan. The emperor of Japan declared in the imperial decree that human beings regardless of age and gender must dress in Tang style. Japanese dressing habit, which changed from left into right front piece, also began at this period. In addition, Yamato people even drafted the special law to regulate that making clothes should follow the Tang style and institution.
The men's clothing in Tang Dynasty
(二) 花纹与色彩 Pattern and color
The pattern of the kimono has a historical origin with the pattern of Tang Dynasty clothing. At that time, kimono was also named “Tang grass”, “Tang flower” and “Tang brocade”, which indeed indicates the close connection between the pattern of the kimono and the pattern of Tang Dynasty clothing. The ancient Japanese clothing was monotonous. But with the cultural communication between the two countries, the clothing culture of Tang Dynasty infused new energy to culture of Japanese clothing. Therefore, there are some patterns on the kimono that are obviously influenced by traditional Chinese thought. Myeonbok of Japan's emperor in Heian Period is a good example, which is influenced by Book of Rites. The craftsmen in Heian Period processed some patterns based on Chinese patterns, such as crane, wave, water chestnut, copper and creeping weed.
Myeonbok of Japan's emperor
(三) 配饰 Accessories
The accessories of the kimono have a lot characteristics in common with Tang Dynasty clothing. Take shoes and socks as an example, in addition to making clear regulations on clothing styles, there are also clear regulations on shoes in Taiho code (the basic code of ancient Japan). People of different classes wear different styles of shoes, which reflects the rigid hierarchy. With the development of the kimono, shoes and socks have their fixed patterns, shoes are getas and socks are split. However, geta has a long history in China with numerous descriptions in literature. For example, ancient Yuefu poems (poems of the dynasties before Tang Dynasty) have made excellent explanatory notes.
In a word, the costume culture of Tang Dynasty had a profound influence on Japan, and deeply affected the emergence and development of Japanese national costume culture.
The influence of Tang Dynasty clothing on North Korea:
Korean clothing also formally inherited the advantages of Tang clothing. Served Ru（Tang clothing) have long soft lines and are very graceful and free, which are mainly made from silk. Therefore, its clothing is famous for softy.
朝鲜服 Korean clothing
Until today, some countries in China's eastern neighborhood, such as Japan and Korea, still maintain the traditional Chinese clothing system.